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Get Rid of Moss Without Using Chemicals


Once moss has appeared in your lawn it will gradually overtake the grass if left untreated. You can of course buy off the shelf chemical treatments but these will not cure the underlying problems.


For grass to grow and thrive it needs certain conditions these are:


Good drainage

Many lawns become compacted just by people walking over it. Over the years all the individual footsteps take their toll and help to compress the ground. Once the ground has become compacted , when it rains the surface water is unable to drain away and so lays on the surface. This provides a nice damp environment for moss to start its growth.


Light

If lawns are not maintained, debris starts to collect from leaves, dead plants etc. This debris builds up and starts to form a layer which blocks out essential light which like all plants the grass needs for growth and health.


Nutrients

These are regularly needed to enable growth. A hard compact soil means nutrients are unable to get to the roots of the grass and so growth is slow and poor.


There is an easy solution which does not use chemicals and will give the grass back the three things it needs for good growth and health. Scarifying and aerating the lawn can be done with just a few tools, sharp sand and some top soil.


The first thing that needs to be done is to remove the build-up of debris and moss to let some light and air reach the grass. This is best done with a de-thatching rake also called a scarifying rake, if you do not have one a metal lawn rake will do the job just as well.


Use the de-thatching rake or lawn rake to gather up the moss and debris in the same way you would gather up leaves.


When you start to do this it may look at bit worrying at the amount of debris or thatch that’s collected, don’t worry this is normal. When you have finished raking the lawn remove the piles of debris and moss. These can be put on the compost heap if you have one.


Next we need to improve the drainage which will also let the nutrients reach the roots. We can do this by using a hollow tined lawn aerator which removes several plugs of earth when pushed into the ground or alternatively you can use a garden fork just as effectively.


Next we need to improve the drainage which will also let the nutrients reach the roots. We can do this by using a hollow tined lawn aerator which removes several plugs of earth when pushed into the ground or alternatively you can use a garden fork just as effectively.



Start at the bottom of the lawn and push the fork into the ground about 3 inches or 75 mm.

Move the fork backward and forward and then pull the fork out and move over 6 inches or 150 mm. Repeat the process until you have covered the width of your lawn and then move forward 6 inches start again.

When you have aerated your lawn we need to fill the holes in with sharp sand and a small amount of top soil.

Mix the sand and the soil in a wheelbarrow or a container and with a shovel or spade throw the mixture across the whole lawn.


Next we need to sweep the mixture into the holes we have made using a soft garden broom.


And that’s it we have removed most of the moss, and given the grass better light, air and drainage. All this in combination will give the grass the best chance of growing healthily.


Tips

Lawns can be scarified twice a year in the spring and in the autumn.

Cut the lawn before de-thatching.

A lawn mower can be used to gather up the thatch after scarifying to save time.

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